Ainu, meaning human in the Ainu language, have been found to be the third largest minority group among the Japanese citizens. The Ainu, an ethnic group who occupied Hokkaido, found in the northernmost islands of Japan,
were discriminated against by the Japanese since the beginning of the early 1400’s.
The Japanese considered any culture that was different from them were “polluting” their society. Because the Ainu had different lifestyles, language, and religion than the Japanese, they were pushed away
towards Hokkaido where they were discriminated against.